5.20203.748
5.20203.748

Annotations in FlexChart

Annotations are used to highlight notable points or areas on the chart. Annotations can also be used to place arbitrary elements such as images, shapes and text onto the chart. The FlexChart control supports various built-in annotations such as Rectangle, Square, Circle, Ellipse, Line, Polygon, Image, and Text.

The annotations may be attached to specific data points or to arbitrary points in data or page coordinates.

To add annotations to a FlexChart, follow these steps:

  1. Create an AnnotationLayer attached to the chart and
  2. Populate it with annotation objects such as Ellipse, Rectangle, Image or Text.
  3. For each annotation, set its attachment property to determine how its attached to the chart.
  4. Set additional properties on the annotation, such as pointIndex and seriesIndex if the annotation is attached to a point.

Example:

import * as wjChart from '@grapecity/wijmo.chart';
import * as wjAnnotation from '@grapecity/wijmo.chart.annotation';

// add annotation layer
var annotations = new wjAnnotation.AnnotationLayer(myChart);
// attach Ellipse annotation to data point 5
annotations.items.push({
    type: 'Ellipse',
    content: 'Ellipse',
    tooltip: 'This is an <b>Ellipse</b><br/>annotation', 
    attachment: 'DataIndex',
    seriesIndex: 0,
    pointIndex: 5,
    width: 100, 
    height: 40,
    position: 'Top',
    style: { 
        fill: 'green', 
        stroke: 'darkgreen', 
        strokeWidth: 2, 
        opacity: .25
        }
    }
);

The annotation collection may also be passed in as a parameter to the AnnotationLayer constructor.

Annotation Types

FlexChart supports the following built-in types of annotations.

  • Circle: Represents a circle annotation. Set the radius property to set the size.
  • Ellipse: Represents an ellipse annotation. Set the height and width properties to set the size.
  • Image: Represents and image annotation. Set the href, height, and width properties to configure the image.
  • Line: Represents a line annotation. Set the end and start point properties to configure the line.
  • Polygon: Represents a polygon annotation. Set the points property to configure the polygon shape.
  • Rectangle: Represents a rectangle annotation. Set the height and width properties to set the size.
  • Square: Represents a square annotation. Set the length property to set the size.
  • Text: Represents a text annotation. Set the text property to set the text.

Example of Line Annotation:

// show a trendline between Jan 31 and Feb 27
annotations.items.push({ 
    type: 'Line',
    tooltip: 'This is a <b>Line</b><br/>annotation', 
    position: 'Center',
    attachment: 'DataCoordinate',
    start: { x: new Date(2017, 0, 31), y: 810 },
    end: { x: new Date(2017, 1, 28), y: 840 },
    style: { 
        stroke: 'darkgreen', 
        strokeWidth: 4, 
        opacity: .5 }
    }
);

Example of Image Annotation:

// show a map marker image
annotations.items.push({
    type: 'Image',
    href: 'https://maps.google.com/mapfiles/marker_green.png',
    width: 15, 
    height: 30,
    attachment: 'DataCoordinate',
    point: { x: new Date(2017, 1, 7), y: 800},
    tooltip: 'Time to buy!',
      }
);

All annotations have the following common properties:

  • attachment: The attachment technique. See next topic for more details.
  • isVisible: The visibility of the annotation (true/false).
  • name: The name of the annotation.
  • offset: The offset (point) of the annotation from the attachment point.
  • point: The coordinate point of the annotation for DataCoordinate and Absolute attachment techniques.
  • pointIndex: The data point index. Applies only when the attachment property is set to DataIndex.
  • position: The position of the annotation relative to the attachment point. (Center/Top/Bottom/Left/Right).
  • seriesIndex: The data series index of the annotation. Applies only when the attachment property is set to DataIndex.
  • style: Style properties that specifies SVG styling attributes, including fill, stroke, strokeWidth, and so on.
  • tooltip: The tooltip string of the annotation.

Annotation Attachments

FlexChart annotations support the following attachment techniques.

  • DataIndex: Coordinates of the annotation point are defined by the data series index and the data point index.
  • DataCoordinate: Annotation point is specified in data coordinates.
  • Relative: Annotation point is specified as a relative position inside the control where (0,0) is the top left corner and (1,1) is the bottom right corner.
  • Absolute: The annotation point is specified in control's pixel coordinates.

Attaching Annotations to Data Points

To attach an annotation to a specific data point, follow these steps:

  1. Set the attachment property to DataIndex.
  2. Set the seriesIndex to the index of the attached series. If the chart has only one series then this value should be set to 0.
  3. Set the pointIndex to the index of the data point within the attached series.
  4. Set additional properties to configure the appearance.

Example:

// attach annotation to the 5th data point in first series
annotations.items.push({
    type: 'Text',
    attachment: 'DataIndex',
    seriesIndex: 0,
    pointIndex: 5,
    text: 'Annotation'
      }
);

Attaching Annotations by Data Coordinate

To attach an annotation anywhere on the plot coordinate system, follow these steps:

  1. Set the attachment property to DataCoordinate.
  2. Set the point to plot coordinates.
  3. Set additional properties to configure the appearance.

Example:

// attach annotation at x: 10, y: 80
annotations.items.push({
    type: 'Text',
    attachment: 'DataCoordinate',
    point: { x: 10, y: 80},
    text: 'Annotation'
      }
);

Using Rectangle Annotations to Create Zones

You can use annotations to create chart zones. Zones are colored regions of the plot area behind the data points used to highlight a range of values.

For example, the chart below has 'buy' and 'sell' zones represented by green and red Rectangle annotations:

// add annotation layer with two rectangle annotations
var annotations = new wjAnnotation.AnnotationLayer(myChart, [
    {
        type: 'Rectangle',
        attachment: 'DataCoordinate',
        point: { x: new Date(2017, 0, 1), y: 855},
        position: 1, // Center Top Bottom Left Right
        width: 20000, height: 20000,
        style: { fill: 'red', opacity: .15 }
      },
    {
        type: 'Rectangle',
        attachment: 'DataCoordinate',
        point: { x: new Date(2017, 0, 1), y: 815},
        position: 2, // Center Top Bottom Left Right
        width: 20000, height: 20000,
        style: { fill: 'green', opacity: .15 }
      }
  ]);

Annotation Zones

The Polygon annotation can be used to create zones with plot-bound points around all edges when used with DataCoordinate attachment. The example below shows a polygon annotation with absolute positioning.

// add annotation layer with polygon annotation
var annotations = new wjAnnotation.AnnotationLayer(myChart, [
  {
    type: "Polygon",
    content: "Absolute",
    position: 0,
    style: {
      fill: "#FE2E2E",
      stroke: "#01A9DB",
      fill-opacity: 2,
      stroke-width: 4,
      stroke-opacity: 1
    },
    points: [
      { "x": 200, "y": 0 },
      { "x": 150, "y": 50 },
      { "x": 175, "y": 100 },
      { "x": 225, "y": 100 },
      { "x": 250, "y": 50 }
    ]
  }
]);