```        []
```
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# STDEVPA

This function returns the standard deviation for an entire specified population, including text or logical values as well as numeric values.

## Syntax

`STDEVPA(value1, value2, ...)`

## Arguments

Each argument can be a cell, a cell range, a float value, text, a logical value, or an integer value. There can be up to 255 arguments. TRUE evaluates as 1. Text or FALSE evaluates as 0.

## Remarks

The standard deviation is a measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value.

The standard deviation is calculated using the "biased" or "n" method.

The equation for calculating the standard deviation for a population is: where x is the value and n is the number of values.

This function assumes that its arguments are the entire population. If your data represents a sample of the population, then compute the standard deviation using the STDEVA function.

This function differs from STDEVP because it accepts text or logical values as well as numeric values.

## Data Types

Accepts numeric, text, and logical data for all arguments. Returns numeric data.

## Examples

`STDEVPA(A1,B2,C3,D4,E5,F6)`

`STDEVPA(A1:A9)`

`STDEVPA(R1C2,R3C4,R4C5,R7C2)`

`STDEVPA(95,89,73,87,85,76,100,96,96)` gives the result 8.8079649700